On 4 April 2019, ‘Extremism prevention. Successes and difficulties’, an international practical and scientific conference at the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan) was organised by the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (KAZISS) and the Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute (DOC).
The event was attended by experts from Kazakhstan, Russia, and the republics of Central Asia. The total number of participants was about 100 people.
The nature of the phenomena of radicalism and extremism, the main drivers of radicalisation, and different modes of violent extremism in the post-Soviet space – with a focus on Russia and Central Asia – were analysed. The key factors affecting the emergence of extremism, circumstances that increase or, on the contrary, inhibit the process of radicalisation, were considered. Participants discussed successes and failures in fighting extremism, methods of prevention, and, finally, suggested some recommendations for civil society and state institutions responsible for countering this challenge.
KAZISS Director Zarema Shaukenova spoke about the urgency of the problem of extremism for Kazakhstan, mentioning, in particular, that 47 Kazakhstan citizens have been returned from Syria over the past few years. She also spoke about implementation of the national countering-extremism strategy.
DOC Chief Researcher Alexey Malashenko, in his opening remarks, emphasised that the rise of extremism came as a surprise to most experts, even though it took place over a couple of decades. According to his forecast, extremism’s growth trend will continue, at least in the short